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Ce sunt vinurile organice si care sunt beneficiile acestora

Vinul este, in esenta, nimic mai mult decat suc de struguri fermentat.

Un produs perfect natural, a fost o parte integranta a civilizatiei din timpurile biblice. In timpul secolului XX, cererea pentru productie a crescut si uniformizarea mai mare a condus multi producatori spre o forma de viticultura industrializata, prin utilizarea substantelor chimice, atat in vie cat si in podgorie.

Cu toate acestea, inca de la inceputul anilor 1970, a existat o miscare de indepartare a acestui punct de vedere comercial de a face vin – a face vin prin mai multe metode naturale. In primul exemplu, acest lucru a implicat doar o mana de producatori, mai ales in Franta si acestia au fost priviti cu mult scepticism de industria de baza. Mai recent,miscarea a devenit foarte raspandita, cu un numar foarte mare de producatori ce adoptau diferite grade de productie ecologica. Identificarea sau chiar definirea vinului ecologic nu este o chestiune simpla.

Pentru a fi comercializate ca produse biologice, vinurile trebuie sa indeplineasca anumite criterii, atat in cresterea strugurilor, cat si in procesul de vinificare.

Viticultura ecologica e, in esenta, un sistem de crestere a strugurilor, fara a recurge la produse chimice sau sintetice. Au fost multe dezbateri in industria vinului asupra a ceea ce ar trebui sa fie permis sau nu intr-o vie ecologica. Desi exista o definitie prohibitiva, care enumera lucrurile interzise in viticultura ecologica, este mai util sa se defineasca prin practica obiectivele si practicile sale.

Un prim motiv pentru adoptarea unor practici ecologice este cresterea activitatii microbiene a solului si evitarea adaugarii oricaror substante straine nenaturale. Acest lucru se face prin utilizarea composturilor si a balegarului, in locul cocktail-urilor chimicosintetice.

In fapt, vita-de-vie produce cele mai vinuri bune. In cazul in care viile sunt plantate pe soluri bogate sau in cazul in care sunt prea fecundate , tind sa produca prea multe frunze si fructe de calitate mult mai scazuta. Ingrasamintele organice ofera o eliberare treptata de substante nutritive pentru sol si mentin un echilibru, pe care ingrasamintele chimice nu-l pot produce.
Argumentul in favoarea abordarii ecologice este ca agricultura ecologica este mai bine adaptata la nevoile de calitate ale strugurilor in crestere. Exista multi producatori de vinuri care cred ca practicile ecologice, de asemenea, promoveaza individualitatea sau locul de productie al fiecarui loc.
In conformitate cu practicile moderne, podgoriile viticole sunt tratate cu ingrasaminte chimice, care sunt in esenta aceleasi si tind sa incurajeze crearea de conditii uniforme si vinuri uniforme. Aceasta diminueaza efectul de “terroir”.Utilizarea de ingrasaminte naturale si compost va avea tendinta de a provoca o mai mare diversitate si subliniaza individualitatea fiecarei podgorii. A doua consideratie este efectul fizic asupra terenului.
Practicile ecologice ofera o structura de sol mai stabila si eroziunea solului apare mai rar.
O alta preocupare legata de mediu, de care producatorii organici sunt constienti este faptul ca practicile lor au un efect mai mare. Spray-urile chimice sunt utilizate pe culturi, isi fac, in cele din urma, drum in caile naturale si polueaza raurile si fluxurile.
Utilizarea gratuita a produselor chimice, folosite ca o plasa de siguranta, in cazul in care apar orice fel de probleme, se pot adauga problemei in sine, deoarece substantele chimice sunt dizolvate treptat in soluri. Producatorii organici folosesc spray-uri naturale si chiar si acestea sunt folosite doar cand este necesar.
Acest lucru reduce riscul de levigare a chimicalelor daunatoare in apa de baut si in rauri. Podgoriile sunt neaparat monoculturi, cu o cultura de struguri si nu o rotatie a culturilor. Producatorii organici incearca sa depaseasca acest lucru prin plantarea de iarba sau alte plante intre randurile de vita-de-vie.

Acest lucru ajuta la protejarea impotriva eroziunii solului si in acelasi timp, se stabilesc nutrientii in sol si ofera tufe pentru insectele daunatoare care navalesc asupra podgoriei.

Intr-adevar unii proprietari de vita-de-vie organica chiar merg pe ideea culturilor in crestere de numerar , cum ar fi capsunile cu vita-de-vie in primii ani, cand vita-de- vie este neproductiva.

Cele mai mari probleme pentru viticultori sunt bolile fungice care apar pe tot parcursul anului.
Cu toate acestea, pentru ca fiecare cerere de sulfat de cupru prelungeste perioada de maturare de pana la trei zile, nu este usor de utilizat.
Agricultorii conventionali il pot pulveriza in mod obisnuit, dar fermierii organici tind sa-l foloseasca ca un tratament doar daca este necesar. Riscul acestor infectii se diminueaza in climate mai calde si nu este surprinzator faptul ca suportul pentru renasterea organica, in anii 1970 si 80 a fost in sudul Frantei.

Pentru cei care sunt bautori de vin organic cu o reputatie mai modesta, este important ca sticla sa aiba semnul de incredere ca “Vin biologique”, care sa ateste ca este cu adevarat ecologic. Acest lucru a fost realizat prin convingerea cultivatorilor sa se alature uneia din multitudinea de organizatii de monitorizare. In iulie 1991, Uniunea Europeana a introdus o legislatie pentru a defini parametrii de productie ecologica si aceste reguli sunt supravegheate de organizatiile existente din fiecare tara membra. Astfel, orice vin care poarta logo-ul unei organizatii, cum ar fi Asociatia Solurilor este garantat ca produs organic.

Cu toate acestea, tot mai des, apar o serie de vinuri pe piata care nu-si anunta legitimarea organica.  Intr-o maniera mult mai comerciala, unii dintre producatorii de vin mai mari au decis sa se alature miscarii ecologice.

Gigantul Jidvei  produce un vin rosu si alb organic,  fiind unul dintre producatorii mai mari din Romania. Acesta si-a deschis propriul magazin online, de unde poti achizitiona fiecare dintre cele opt vinuri din gamele Mysterium și Owner’s Choice. Unii dintre acesti producatori au imbratisat chiar si forma cea mai extrema de productie ecologica – Biodinamica. Metodele biodinamice se bazeaza pe invataturile lui Rudolf Steiner si implica sisteme organice combinate cu o dimensiune cosmica.

Oxygen/ozone therapy and HBO

Oxygen/ozone therapy is a term that describes a number of different practices in which oxygen, ozone, or hydrogen peroxide are administered via gas or water to kill disease microorganisms, improve cellular function, and promote the healing of damaged tissues.

The rationale behind bio-oxidative therapies, as they are sometimes known, is the notion that as long as the body’s needs for antioxidants are met, the use of certain oxidative substances will stimulate the movement of oxygen atoms from the bloodstream to the cells. With higher levels of oxygen in the tissues, bacteria and viruses are killed along with defective tissue cells. The healthy cells survive and multiply more rapidly. The result is a stronger immune system.

Ozone itself is a form of oxygen, O3, produced when ultraviolet light or an electric spark passes through air or oxygen. It is a toxic gas that creates free radicals, the opposite of what antioxidant vitamins do. Oxidation, however, is good when it occurs in harmful foreign organisms that have invaded the body. Ozone inactivates many disease bacteria and viruses.

Origins

The various forms of oxygen and ozone therapy have been in use since the late nineteenth century. The earliest recorded use of oxygen to treat a patient was by Dr. J. A. Fontaine in 1879. In the 1950s, hyperbaric oxygen treatment was used by cancer researchers. The term hyperbaric means that the oxygen is given under pressure higher than normal air pressure. Recently, oxygen therapy has also been touted as a quick purification treatment for mass-market consumers.

Benefits

Oxygen and ozone therapies are thought to benefit patients in the following ways:

• Stimulating white blood cell production. • Killing viruses (ozone and hydrogen peroxide).

• Improving the delivery of oxygen from the blood stream to the tissues of the body.

• Speeding up the breakdown of petrochemicals.

• Increasing the production of interferon and tumor necrosis factor, thus helping the body to fight infections and cancers.

• Increasing the efficiency of antioxidant enzymes.

• Increasing the flexibility and efficiency of the membranes of red blood cells.

• Speeding up the citric acid cycle, which in turn stimulates the body’s basic metabolism.

Hyperbaric oxygen therapy (HBO)

Hyperbaric oxygen therapy (HBO) involves putting the patient in a pressurized chamber in which he or she breathes pure oxygen for a period of 90 minutes to two hours.

HBO may also be administered by using a tightfitting mask, similar to the masks used for anesthesia. A nasal catheter may be used for small children.

Ozone therapy

Ozone therapy may be administered in a variety of ways:

• Intramuscular injection: A mixture of oxygen and ozone is injected into the muscles of the buttocks.

• Rectal insufflation: A mixture of oxygen and ozone is introduced into the rectum and absorbed through the intestines.

Mexican yam- Benefits and General use

Mexican yam is one of some 850 species of yam in the Dioscoreaceae family.

It is a perennial plant with twisting, climbing vines that grows in warm tropical climates. There are also some twists and turns related to this plant’s identity and its use as a herbal remedy. The wild yam (Dioscorea villosa) is a climbing plant that is native to the southeast United States and Canada.

Such wild yam species as Dioscorea floribunda as well as Dioscorea villosa are native to Mexico. These plants are used for the herbal preparations known as Mexican yam and Mexican wild yam. Mexican wild yam also grows in the southeastern United States and Appalachia. An extract of this plant is used as a herbal remedy called Mexican yam, wild yam, and Mexican wild yam. It is sold as a “natural hormone” cream and oral remedy. Mexican wild yam is also known as colic root, China root, rheumatism root, devil’s bones, and yuma.

General use

Mexican yam has long had a reputation as a woman’s herb. During the eighteenth and nineteenth centuries, wild yam was used to treat menstrual pain and conditions related to childbirth . Pregnant women used wild yam to combat nausea , ease aching muscles, and prevent miscarriages. Wild yam was also used as a colic remedy. Furthermore, the plant’s anti-inflammatory properties were thought to be effective in the treatment of rheumatoid arthritis. Most of those uses were forgotten after Japanese researchers in 1936 discovered that wild yam contained diosgenin, a chemical that scientist Russell Marker used in the 1940s to create synthetic progesterone and the hormone DHEA.

Preparations

Mexican yam cream is marketed with the promise that it is natural progesterone. The cream is applied to the skin based on a woman’s condition. Dosages are based on the outcome expected.

Precautions

Mexican wild yam is safe if taken within prescribed therapeutic dosages, according to the PDR (Physician’s Desk Reference) for Herbal Medicines. The book draws on the findings of Germany’s Commission E, a government agency that studies herbal remedies for approval as over-the-counter drugs. An English version of the German Commission E Monographs was published in 1997. Pregnant and nursing women, as well as patients with hormone imbalances, depression, or hormone-sensitive cancers should avoid wild yam unless they are under the guidance of a clinical herbalist or physician.

Side effects

Large doses of Mexican yam may produce nausea. There is also a risk of poisoning. Interactions There are no known interactions when Mexican yam is taken with standard medications, other herbs, or dietary supplements.